Zionism began to translate their dreams and aspirations into the political and economic terms of the modern world. That was extremely revolutionary even to Jewish orthodox thought. It meant that the passive waiting for the restoration was to be replaced by an active endeavour to bring about the restoration. Deliverance cannot be expected by a supernatural intervention, but the Messianic hope will find its fulfillment by working for it. In reality, in Zionism the Messiah is replaced by the combined effort of the people for the realization of a national goal.
The first fires of Zionism were kindled by Leo Pinsker, a RussianJew, in 1882, after the pogroms following the assassination of Tsar Alexander in 1881. Pinsker wrote a book called Auto-emancipation. The fires were brought to flame by Theodor Herzl in his book Jewish State in 1896. In 1897 the first Zionist Congress was held in Basil, and Herzl spared neither time nor effort to bring his plans to realization. At first no definite country for settling Jews was envisaged. Argentina, Uganda and Kenya were prospected, but soon the influence of Eastern Jewry made itself felt, which demanded Palestine, the old homeland and no other. But up to 911 the idea of the Zionists was not to establish a separate Jewish home. At the Tenth Congress held at Basel in 1911, the president made the following statement;
"The aim of Zionism is the erection of the Jewish people of a publicly recognized, legally secured home in Palestine. Not a Jewish State, but a home in the ancient land of our forefathers, where we can live a Jewish life without oppression and persecution. Wha we demand is that Jewish immigration to Palestine be given the opportunity of naturalizing as a citizen without limitation and that he can live unhindered in accordance with Jewish customs...That and nothing else is our aim"
The first steps for actual realization of these hopes was made when Dr. Chaim Weizmann as reward for the valuable service rendered to England in chemical warfare received the promise from the British government that it would consider with favour the settling of Jews in Palestine. That is the famous Balfour Declaration of November 2, 1917, which state:
His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.
This declaration not only laid the cornerstone for the aspirations of the Zionism, but it was also lauded by many influential Christian grou[s in the Anglo-Saxon world who believed that the return of the Jews to the Holy Land constitutes a fulfillment of prophecy and is one of the sure signs which is to usher in the end of the world and the establishment of the millennial reign of Christ. These groups openly support the Jewish claims. The wide circulation given to these ideas in no way helped to increase the confidence of the Muslims in Christian intentions but made them more suspicious than ever of the trustworthiness of Christian motives.
"The shocking number of Palestinians killed and hurt today by soldiers firing across the Gaza fence raises serious questions about Israel longstanding use of live ammunition to police demonstration. Israeli allegation of violence by protesters do not change the fact that using lethal force is banned by international law except to an imminent threat of life." - Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East and Noth Africa Director Human Right Watch
-Journalist Yasser Mortaja has been declared dead as a result of his injuries he sustained while covering the #GreatReturnMarch
10 Palestinians have been killed...
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The prosecutor of the international criminal court calls for the end of violence in Gaza
Amsterdam (Reuters) - the prosecutor of the international criminal court called on Sunday 8 April 2018 at the end of the violence in the Gaza Strip, adding that the Palestinian territories were subject to a preliminary review by its bureau and that it Watched the events closely.
Following the death of 30 Palestinians in clashes with Israeli forces over the past two weeks, fatou bensouda stated in a statement that " any new crime committed in the context of the situation in Palestine could be subjected to the examination of my Office ".
Photo: Fatou Bensouda, prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC).
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